Electronics, embedded, microcontroller, pic, projects, hobby circuits, circuit, blog, transistor, technology

Sending E-mail from ESP8266 – IoT Project

The scope of the IoT applications is growing from controlling appliances to monitoring devices (like sensors) and sending e-mails. So here I am writing an article on Sending Email from ESP8266 and it will be a step forward in the IoT Implementation. Components Required ESP8266 Breadboard USB Cable Software SMTP Server Setup In order to send e-mail from ESP8266 Module, we need to use the SMTP protocol. Hence, an SMTP Server is required to send the e-mails and the ESP8266 will act as an...

How to solve MAX485 heating and stops working problem ?

Is your MAX485 IC getting burned or stops working after sometime ? Or is your RS485 circuit is not working as expected ? If your answer is 'Yes' you are at the right place. You can simply follow below guidelines to solve this problem. Before one year this problem used to trouble me a lot. Usually the MAX485 or RS485 circuit works fine in lab and it may even work in the final environment also. But after sometime it...

How to solve MAX232 / MAX3232 Heating or Burning problem ?

Is your MAX232 or MAX3232 is getting heat or burned ? I have also faced similar issue and struggled a lot to find the problem when I was working in some projects involving RS232 communication. It is very easy to solve this problem, just follow the below guidelines. Follow Manufacturer Specific Datasheet As you know MAX232 / MAX3232 is manufactured by different companies. Each one is having it's own specifications and properties. So first you need to refer the manufacturer specific...

I²C – Inter-Integrated Circuit

I²C or I2C is an abbreviation of Inter-Integrated Circuit, a serial communication protocol made by Philips Semiconductor (now it is NXP Semiconductor). It is created with an intention of communication between chips reside on the same Printed Circuit Board (PCB). It is usually used to interface slow speed ICs to processor or microcontroller. It is a master-slave protocol, usually a processor or microcontroller is the master and other chips like RTC, Temperature Sensor, EEPROM will be the slave. We...

HC-05 Serial Bluetooth Module

Bluetooth is a technology for wireless communication. It is designed to replace cable connections.It uses serial communication to communicate with devices. It communicates with microcontroller using serial port (USART). Usually, it connects small devices like mobile phones, PDAs and TVs using a short-range wireless connection to exchange documents. It uses the 2.45GHz frequency band. The connection can be point-to-point or multi-point where the maximum range is 10 meters. The transfer rate of the data is 1Mbps. HC-05 Bluetooth module provides switching...

Wailing Siren using 555 Timer – Hobby Project

Today we shall talk about a really amazing circuit that produces a sound of a siren. There are different types of circuits that produce different kinds of sounds. Here is a simple circuit that produces wailing siren. The main principle of this circuit is to produce a wailing siren. The 555 timer IC is operated in astable mode. When the switch is pressed, speaker produces high pitch siren and when it is released, its pitch decreases and is switched off...

Mobile Phone Detector Circuit

This is a very interesting hobby project which can detect active mobile phone or GSM communication in its proximity. Active mobile phone means there is some live communication is going on like calls, sms sending or receiving etc. This circuit can be used to prevent unauthorized use of mobile phones in examination halls, conference rooms etc. As you already know, today's mobile phones (2G, 2.5G, 3G, 4G, LTE) are operating in electromagnetic signals ranges from 700MHz to 3500MHz. Each countries...

SPI – Serial Peripheral Interface

SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) is a full duplex synchronous serial communication interface used for short distance communications. It is usually used for communication between different modules in a same device or PCB. SPI devices communicates each other using a master slave architecture with a single master. Multiple slaves are supported through individual slave select lines. SPI Interface SPI is called as a 4-wire bus as it requires four wires for its communication as shown below. In the case of single slave...