Various hobby circuits that we can do at out workbench.

LED Chaser using 4017 and 555 Timer - PCB

LED Chaser using 4017 Counter and 555 Timer

Introduction A simple LED chaser hobby circuit can be made using 555 timer and CD4017 counter IC. You can use this circuit for decorative purposes. By modifying the circuit in a proper way, you can even use this to control lights working on AC mains. Components Required CD4017 Counter IC - 1 555 Timer IC - 1 LED - 11 680Ω Resistor - 11 10KΩ Resistor - 1 10KΩ Variable Resistor - 1 10μF Capacitor - 1 0.01μF Capacitor - 1 9V [...]

Rain Alarm using 555 Timer - PCB

Rain Alarm using 555 Timer

Here is a simple and interesting hobby circuit that can be made using the popular 555 timer IC. As you might already know, a 555 Timer can be easily wired as Astable, Monostable or Bistable multivibrator. This circuit can be used as rain sensor, water overflow sensor or as a water level sensor. This circuit make use the principle that normal water can conduct some amount of electricity (PURE water is not a good conductor of electricity but water seen [...]

ANL on breadboard

Automatic Night Lamp using LDR

Automatic night lamp as the name suggests is for turning ON and OFF the lamp automatically without the need of human interventions. It senses the light intensity from surroundings and find whether its day or night. And it automatically turns ON when the surrounding is dark and it turns OFF when it receives light from surroundings. A sensor called LDR is used to detect the light intensity. This project finds wide outdoor applications in streets, gardens and public places [...]

12V Capacitor Dropper Power Supply Output

Transformerless Capacitor Dropper Power Supply

I already posted about transformerless power supplies in the article, Transformerless DC Power Supply. Here we will see how to design a capacitor dropper power supply. Capacitor power supplies are simple, low cost and light weight solution for providing dc supplies to circuits which require low currents. It is low cost and light weight since there is no bulky transformers. Circuit Diagram The 200mA fuse will protect the circuit from mains during shot circuit or component failures. The 275V MOV (Metal Oxide Varistor) [...]

Simple Electronic Piano using 555 Timer

A simple electronic toy piano can be easily constructed using the popular 555 timer IC. 555 Timer can be easily wired as Astable, Monostable or Bistable multivibrator. We all know that Sound is a Mechanical Wave as it is produced by to and fro movement of particles of the medium. Displacement of particles are in the same direction as propagation of sound waves, so sound is a Longitudinal Wave. The to and fro motion of particles in the medium creates [...]

IC UM3561 Siren Generator

Siren Generator using IC UM3561

IC UM3561 is a CMOS LSI IC commonly used in alarm and toy applications. It is able to generate Police Siren, Ambulance Siren, Fire Engine Siren and Machine Gun Sound just by changing simple connections. It is a low cost and low power IC which can work down to 2.4V. We need only a few additional components as this Integrate Circuits has built in oscillator and selector circuits.  About IC UM3561 Basic blocks of IC UM3561 are shown in the above [...]

UM66 Music Circuit on Breadboard

UM66 Melody Generator – First Step for Electronics Hobbyists

UM66 is a melody generating IC commonly used in calling bell, phone, toys, musical bell in doors, home security alarm systems, burglar alarms etc. It is a three pin IC looks like a transistor. Its first pin is ground, second is VCC and the third is the melody output. Supply voltage that can be given to the IC is in the range of 1.5V- 4.5V. These are CMOS ICs and have very small power consumption. Melody generator will reset when [...]


IR Remote Control for Home Appliances

IR Remote Control for controlling home appliances can be easily made using Decade Counter CD4017, 555 Timer and TSOP1738 infrared receiver. By using this circuit you can easily control your home appliances using your TV, DVD Player remote control or using a remote control circuit described here. Remote Control Receiver Circuit Diagram 2nd and 1st pins of TSOP1738 are used to give power, Vcc and Gnd respectively. 100Ω resistor and 33μF capacitor is to suppress power supply disturbances. When IR rays at [...]