Electronics projects, hobby circuit diagrams, college projects for students or electronics enthusiasts. Including detailed working explanation, pcb design and 100% working.

Low Power Square Wave Inverter using CD4047

Inverter is a electrical device that converts DC Power to AC. We usually use the word Inverter for the device used in our households for mains power back up. It stores electrical energy in a battery and discharges it when need. Our household inverters mainly have two parts, Battery Charging Circuit and Inverter Circuit. Battery charging circuit charges the battery when power is available, which may be mains power, solar power or any other sources and the Inverter Circuit...

Solar Tracker system Using LM358

We all know that a Solar Panel can be used to convert light energy to electrical energy. The amount of converted energy depends on the amount of light falling on the Panel. Generally Solar Panels are stationary devices which is fixed at a position. The produced electrical energy can be increased if we move the solar panel as the movement of the Sun. Here is a simple low cost Solar Tracker circuit which automatically moves the solar panel in...

Interfacing Ultrasonic Distance Sensor : ASCII Output with PIC Microcontroller

In some of our projects, we may want to measure the distance of an object from a point. Ultrasonic Distance Sensors are the best sensor which provides stable, accurate, precise, non-contact distance measurements from 2cm to 4m. Ultrasonic Sensors can be used to measure distance between moving or stationary objects. Being very accurate and stable, these devices find large number of applications in robotics fields. For example it can be used as an excellent replacement for IR sensors in  a Micromouse....

Line Follower Robot – without using Microcontroller

After a long time I am presenting my new project Line Follower Robot without using Microcontroller. It is a simple circuit with a LM358 op-amp and is able to operate from 9v to 12V. The LM358 contains two op amps which are wired as comparators. Thus when the voltage at the non-inverting terminal (+) is higher than inverting terminal (-) its output will be high and when the voltage at the inverting terminal (-) is higher than non-inverting terminal (+) the output will be...

TransformerLess Low Cost DC Power Supply : Resistive & Capacitive

One on the major part of our electronics products is the DC Power Supply that converts mains AC voltage to a lower DC voltage. Usually we use a step down transformer to reduce mains AC voltage to desired low voltage AC and then convert it to DC or we use Switched Mode Power Supplies. But in both cases cost is very high and it takes considerable amount of space. Another Low Cost alternative for Transformer and Switcher based power...

Simple Water Level Indicator

We have already posted about a Water Level Indicator and Controller using PIC Microcontroller. Today I am presenting a very useful, very cheap and very simple circuit using transistors for beginners in the field of electronics. This simple circuit can indicate the level of water in your tank using LEDs. Circuit Diagram Simple Water Level Indicator Circuit Diagram The connections and arrangements are made as shown in the figure above. The +9V is supplied to water using a metal contact.  In this circuit...

Automatic Garden Light Controlling System

Just like my previous circuit using LM358 this is also very cheap,also under 100 rupees. This is a circuit for controlling the street lights,garden lights,automatically. You don't need to turn it on and turn it off again and again,  just turn on the circuit once and forget, it will automatically manage itself by sensing the available brightness in the garden or street. Circuit Diagram Automatic Garden Light Controlling System Circuit Diagram Working In this circuit the IC LM358 is working as a comparator. The transistor BC548...

Laser Security System

Here is a simple and cheap Laser Based Security System, which costs below Rs. 100. It is a simple circuit using LM358 OP-AMP and LM555 Timer. This circuit is triggered when the Laser beam falls on the LDR interrupts, which sounds the buzzer connected to it. This can be used to protect your valuable items, money, room etc.. By using different mirror arrangements you can form different security systems. This can also be used to protect more than one objects by suitably...