Controlling LED using ESP8266 and Telegram Bot – IoT Project

Controlling LED using ESP8266 and Telegram Bot – IoT Project

In this project we will control an LED which is connected to ESP8266 with a Telegram bot. Hope you know about Telegram, it is a messenger app similar to Whatsapp. This enables users to control their ESP8266 via simply typing and sending commands in Telegram. By adding some relays or TRIAC you can make this a home automation project.

Components Required

  • ESP8266
  • LED
  • 470Ω Resistor
  • Breadboard
  • USB Cable
  • Connecting Wires

Hardware

Circuit Diagram

Home Automation using ESP8266 and Telegram Bot - Circuit Diagram

Home Automation using ESP8266 and Telegram Bot – Circuit Diagram

Software

Telegram Bot

Bots are third-party applications that run inside Telegram. Users can interact with bots by sending messages, commands and inline requests. We can control our bots through HTTP APIs provided by Telegram.

A Telegram bot is an application hosted on a server (here it is ESP8266) that uses Telegram bot API to connect to Telegram Messenger clients. A great advantage of Telegram bots is that they have zero install requirements and run seamlessly on all computer or mobile platforms where Telegram Messenger runs.

Configure Telegram Bot

Install Telegram on your Laptop or Phone and search for BotFather. Through BotFather we can create a new bot. After creating a new bot, we have to note down the token which is the interaction key between device and Telegram bot API .


Telegram_BotFather

Telegram_BotFather

Telegram Bot Library for Arduino

  • Download the Telegram Bot library.
  • Open Arduino IDE, Go to “Sketch”, Select “Include Library” and Click on “Add .ZIP Library”.

Programming ESP8266

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClientSecure.h>
#include <TelegramBot.h>

#define LED 5

const char* ssid = "<Your WiFi Name or SSID>";
const char* password = "<Your WiFi Password>";

const char BotToken[] = "<Token you get while creating the bot>";

WiFiClientSecure net_ssl;
TelegramBot bot (BotToken, net_ssl);

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
  while (!Serial) {} //Start running when the serial is open
  delay(3000);
  Serial.print("Connecting WiFi.");
  Serial.println(ssid);
  while (WiFi.begin(ssid, password) != WL_CONNECTED)
  {
    Serial.print(".");
    delay(500);
  }
  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected");
  bot.begin();
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);
}
void loop() 
{  
  message m = bot.getUpdates(); // Read new messages  
  if (m.text.equals("on")) 
  {  
    digitalWrite(LED, 1);   
    bot.sendMessage(m.chat_id, "LED is ON");
    Serial.println("LED is ON");  
  }  
  else if (m.text.equals("off")) 
  {  
    digitalWrite(LED, 0);   
    bot.sendMessage(m.chat_id, "LED is OFF");  
    Serial.println("LED is OFF");
  } 
}

Working

The LED connected to ESP8266 will be controlled by Telegram Bot. In Telegram app, create a new bot and open it. Initiate the operation by sending “/start” message. Send “on” message will turn ON the LED, as a reply we will get information about LED status like “LED is OFF”. Send “off” message to turn OFF the LED, as a reply we will get information about LED status like “LED is OFF”.

Practical Implementation

Home Automation using ESP8266 and Telegram Bot - Practical Implementation

Home Automation using ESP8266 and Telegram Bot – Practical Implementation

Video

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  • ManuBeze says:

    Hi, first of all thanks for sharing this awesome tutorial!!! however I have a problem i cant find to solve……..

    I’ve copied your code and included the libraries however get the error message:

    Arduino: 1.8.10 (Mac OS X), Board: “Generic ESP8266 Module, 80 MHz, Flash, Legacy (new can return nullptr), All SSL ciphers (most compatible), dtr (aka nodemcu), 26 MHz, 40MHz, DOUT (compatible), 1MB (FS:64KB OTA:~470KB), 2, nonos-sdk 2.2.1+100 (190703), v2 Lower Memory, Disabled, None, Only Sketch, 115200”

    WARNING: library TelegramBot claims to run on samd architecture(s) and may be incompatible with your current board which runs on esp8266 architecture(s).
    tele2:13:35: error: no matching function for call to ‘TelegramBot::TelegramBot(const char [47], BearSSL::WiFiClientSecure&)’
    TelegramBot bot (BotToken, net_ssl);
    ^
    /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/tele2/tele2.ino:13:35: note: candidates are:
    In file included from /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/tele2/tele2.ino:3:0:
    /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/TelegramBot/src/TelegramBot.h:29:5: note: TelegramBot::TelegramBot(String, String, String, Client&)
    TelegramBot(String token, String name, String username, Client &_client);
    ^
    /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/TelegramBot/src/TelegramBot.h:29:5: note: candidate expects 4 arguments, 2 provided
    /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/TelegramBot/src/TelegramBot.h:26:7: note: TelegramBot::TelegramBot(const TelegramBot&)
    class TelegramBot
    ^
    /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/TelegramBot/src/TelegramBot.h:26:7: note: candidate expects 1 argument, 2 provided
    /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/TelegramBot/src/TelegramBot.h:26:7: note: TelegramBot::TelegramBot(TelegramBot&&)
    /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/TelegramBot/src/TelegramBot.h:26:7: note: candidate expects 1 argument, 2 provided
    Multiple libraries were found for “ArduinoJson.h”
    Used: /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/ArduinoJson
    Multiple libraries were found for “ESP8266WiFi.h”
    Used: /Users/manuelbezenar/Library/Arduino15/packages/esp8266/hardware/esp8266/2.6.2/libraries/ESP8266WiFi
    Multiple libraries were found for “TelegramBot.h”
    Used: /Users/manuelbezenar/Documents/Arduino/libraries/TelegramBot
    exit status 1
    no matching function for call to ‘TelegramBot::TelegramBot(const char [47], BearSSL::WiFiClientSecure&)’

    This report would have more information with
    “Show verbose output during compilation”
    option enabled in File -> Preferences.


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